Door hinges come in many shapes and sizes, with some being more suitable for certain uses than others. With so many hinges available on the market, it is very easy to make the wrong decision and ruin the functionality of your door. No one wants to waste time and money, so we have produced a handy overview of the most common hinges to help you make the right decision.
Continuous (or piano) hinge
The piano is one of the most popular hinges. Its continuous length means it is suitable for many uses, and is ideal where support along an entire door is required. In most cases the continuous hinge should be around an inch shorter than the length of the door it is to be attached to, but can be made flush to the edge if you like.
The casement hinge is designed for outer doors in areas where bad weather is common. It comes in both concealed and unconcealed versions, with its strength protecting your door from storms and gales.
Installing a finger protector on a door is highly recommended. Although commonplace in schools, nurseries and hospitals, they are not that frequently used in the home. If you have small children at home, the concertinaed design of the finger protector can greatly reduce the chances of their fingers becoming trapped in doors.
Ball race hinge
The hinge of the ball race pivots on a series of small ball bearings. This creates a much smoother action when opening and closing a door compared to other available styles. The ball race hinge is seen as a safe bet for many lighter, medium-usage doors.
Rising butt hinge
The rising butt hinge is almost identical to the ball race hinge mentioned above, however it includes a self-close mechanism. This makes it useful for areas susceptible to drafts or where you need extra privacy.
Lift-off hinges should only be used in very low-use areas that require doors to be removed to move furniture and other large items.
Strong security hinge
This is an extremely heavy duty hinge with an added security benefit. Integrated interlocking pins prevent unlawful access from hinge pins. Usually steel-constructed for added strength and protection.
A flag hinge is very useful for rooms where you only require the door to open 180 degrees.
Fire door hinge
Fire door hinges are usually specially reinforced versions of ball race or triple thrust hinges, however they have been reinforced so that they adhere to fire regulation standards. Although not compulsory, it is also useful to ensure that any hinges that are fitted to fire doors are CE marked. This protects you against any possible legal claims, as the CE mark confirms you have purchased the best quality product for the job.
A parliament hinge allows your door to be projected clear of window boards, pipes and other objects. These are usually light duty hinges so best to avoid using them in much used rooms.
Although the double-sprung variety are commonly used in commercial kitchens and washrooms as they allow the door to open both ways, traditional sprung hinges are also suitable for domestic uses as an alternative to fitting chain closer and standard butt hinges.
Author: Ironmongery Direct